What is colic?
Doctors define colic as repeated episodes of excessive and inconsolable crying in an otherwise healthy and well cared-for baby. While anyone who’s seen a baby with colic will agree it definitely exists, why it happens is still unclear.
‘One theory is that a newborn’s immature gut struggles to cope with digestion,’ says GP Louise Knight. Some medical professionals think trapped bubbles of gas in your baby’s digestive system cause colic. ‘Another possibility is that it’s triggered by a sensitivity to cow’s milk,’ adds Louise. However, breastfed babies can also get colic so many experts disagree with this theory.
Some believe that colic is caused by over-stimulation – too much light or noise throughout the day meaning your baby gets over-tired and cranky in the afternoon and evening. Bouts of colic can occur from birth but gradually settle down and usually disappear by four months, with no lasting ill effects.
What can you do to help?
Rule out any potential problems, such as your baby feeling hungry, tired or cold. ‘If you’re using formula, try switching brands or a different bottle,’ says Louise. Specially designed bottles and teats reduce the amount of air a baby takes in while feeding.
Some babies respond well to cranial osteopathy or massage for treating their colic, or you could use colic drops which reduce the amount of gas in your baby’s gut.
Paediatrician and renowned US baby expert Dr Harvey Karp believes that colic is a baby’s reaction to being out of the safety and comfort of the womb and recommends replicating pre-birth conditions to soothe a crying baby. He suggests “The five Ss” approach:
- Swaddling – wrapping up your baby snugly in a swaddle to make him feel secure. Watch our video on how to swaddle.
- Side (or stomach) position – holding the baby horizontally sideways across your stomach with lots of bodily contact for reassurance.
- Shhhhh – making a shushing noise like the sound of blood rushing around the womb.
- Swinging – he’s used to movement inside his mother.
- Sucking – a thumb, dummy, bottle or breast all soothe newborns.
The importance of being well informed about all strains of Meningitis
We know that babies and children are vulnerable to infections. Meningitis can kill within hours and newborn babies are particularly at risk. Twenty five per cent of those who survive, can face devastating challenges like hearing loss, epilepsy, cerebral palsy or losing a limb.
There are different types of bacteria that can cause meningitis and blood poisoning. Vaccines are already available to protect against some of them but they don’t work against all. In the UK more than 90 per cent of cases are caused by a bacterium called MenB. MenB kills more children under five than any other infectious disease in the UK and can dramatically change the lives of those who survive.
When will my baby receive the Men B vaccination and how will I be notified of this?
Men B is a new vaccine and was added to the childhood immunisation programme from 1 September 2015. The vaccine will be offered to babies born on or after 1 May 2015 and doses will be given at 2 months, 4 months and a booster at 12 months. Men B vaccine will offered at GP appointments alongside other routine vaccines and parents will be contacted in the usual way.
Will the vaccine offer total protection against meningitis to my child?
There are many different MenB strains. This vaccine has been developed to offer protection against as many as possible. Once it has been in use for some time, it will be possible to calculate the coverage and continue with vaccine research to improve the protection it gives. Other vaccines exist to protect against other types of meningitis and septicaemia, however, there is no vaccine to protect against all types, so remaining vigilant is vital. Learn the signs and symptoms today.
So your thinking of using a baby hammock but don’t know anyone whom has one. There are several reviews on the Poco Baby website or we have collected a few links Continue reading
Do corrective baby helmets work ? Many parents over previous years have had baby helmet therapy for their infants as their head has been miss sharpen by sleeping with their head in the same position on a hard flat surface of a cot mattress. Studies Continue reading
With so much choice of cribs and moses baskets it can be difficult to make a decision on what to buy for your baby, but have you considered the benifits of a baby hammock as an alternative to a cribs and moses basket. Baby hammocks have been used for centuries too and you won’t find anything else that helps your baby sleep like a hammock does. Why ? They give more security because they are Continue reading
Position is key if your baby has reflux - Babies with reflux are often very difficult to settle and wake frequently. Lying flat will not provide the correct position to reduce any symptoms of reflux. By sleeping in a Continue reading